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The most common causes of women infertility
Hello to everyone! As a rule, nobody thinks of infertility until it comes into their lives. Today's mini-topic is another message regarding the most common causes of infertility.
We continue to provide information that is intended to build a fuller and more comprehensive picture of surrogacy. We hope it's the way to better understand the bottom side of infertility and how it feels to struggle with this.
First of all, I'd like to mention that this topic is designed to highlight certain specific issues which women may face. Male infertility is also rather a common thing causing inability for a couple to conceive but I suppose it could be a good topic for a separate article.

Endometriosis is one of the top four causes of infertility in women. It occurs when the tissue that lines the uterus grows outside of the uterus. This tissue also bleeds with each menstrual cycle, causing inflammation and pain. Scarring can damage the ovaries or block the fallopian tubes, leading to infertility.

Scientists do not know the exact cause of infertility in women with endometriosis.
Research has found a link between infertility and endometriosis. Studies show that between 25% and 50% of infertile woman have endometriosis and between 30% and 40% of women with endometriosis are infertile
Current theories on how endometriosis causes infertility include the following:

Changes in the structure of the female reproductive organs may occur. Endometriosis can cause pelvic adhesions made of scar tissue to form between nearby structures, such as between the ovary and pelvic wall. This can obstruct and affect the release of an egg after ovulation. Scarring in the fallopian tube can block the egg's movement through the fallopian tube. This is how changes in the structure of the female reproductive organs may occur.

Another issue is that the lining of the abdomen may go through changes that affect its function. Chemical changes in the lining of the uterus that occur as a result of endometriosis may affect an embryo's ability to implant properly and make it difficult for a woman to stay pregnant after conception.
Blocked fallopian tubes
Fallopian tubes, which connect the ovaries with the uterus, can become inflamed or blocked as a result of infection, pelvic inflammatory disease, scarring caused by endometriosis and other reasons. Since most eggs are fertilized in the fallopian tubes, the condition can interfere with conception.
The medical term for a blocked fallopian tube is tubal occlusion.
Blocked fallopian tubes do not often present symptoms other than difficulty conceiving. Doctors typically class this as having tried to conceive for 1 year without success.
A blocked fallopian tube may cause some women to experience symptoms such as pain in the pelvis or abdomen. This pain might happen regularly, for example at certain time of the period, or be constant.
Sometimes, a blockage in a fallopian tube can cause a fertilized egg to get stuck. This is known as an ectopic pregnancy.
The ectopic pregnancy may not always cause symptoms and is usually detected during a scan. However, some women may experience signs of pregnancy, such as stomach pain on one side, or vaginal bleeding. Any woman who suspects she has an ectopic pregnancy should seek immediate medical attention.
Polycystic ovary syndrome
Polycystic ovary syndrome is a hormonal imbalance that interferes with the production or release of eggs in the ovaries. Women with PCOS may experience irregular menstrual cycles or prolonged menstrual periods. Other symptoms include weight gain, insulin resistance, and skin problems. Some women, however, have no symptoms at all. These variations make it difficult to diagnose this syndrome.

It is one of the most common causes of female infertility. It is a condition in which a woman's ovaries and, in some cases, adrenal glands produce more androgens than normal. High level of these hormones interfere with the development of ovarian follicles and release of eggs during ovulation.
Researchers estimate that 5% to 10% of women over the world have PCOS. The exact cause of it is unknown, but current research suggests that a combination of genetic and environmental factors leads to the disease.
Ovulation disorder
When the hypophysis which regulates the body's hormones and menstrual cycle, is not functioning properly, it can lead to an ovulation disorder. Some women may have no ovulation or very irregular menstrual cycles due to a hormonal imbalance that can be caused by stress, a thyroid disorder, being overweight or underweight, and poor nutrition.

The most common overall cause of female infertility is the failure to ovulate, which occurs in 40% of women with infertility issues. Not ovulating can result from several causes, such as:

- Ovarian or gynecological conditions, such as primary ovarian insufficiency or polycystic ovary syndrome.
- Aging, including "diminished ovarian reserve," which refers to a low number of eggs in a woman's ovaries due to normal aging.
- Endocrine disorders, such as thyroid disease or problems with the hypothalamus, which affect the hormones produced by the body so that there might be too much or too little of some hormone or a group of hormones.

And the last but not least thing to mention are lifestyle and environmental factors.
Also I'd like to briefly tell about the Primary Ovary Insufficiency that can become a big problem in trying to conceive

Primary Ovary Insufficiency is a condition in which a woman's ovaries stop producing hormones and eggs at a young age. Women with this health problem ovulate irregularly, if at all. However, in this case pregnancy is quite possible to occur.
It's often not recommended to conceive in cases when a woman suffers from insulin-dependent diabetes, heart or mental disorders.

There may be other different causes of infertility such as problems in the menstrual cycle, various infections, untreated gonorrhea and chlamydia, autoimmune disorders which cause the body's immune system to attack normal body tissues it would normally ignore. Fibroids and MRKH syndrome, as well as unexplained infertility, are causes that deserve our special attention. I believe we'll discuss most of them in our next videos.

We hope this article was informative for you. Thank you for your interest in this area. Stay inspired if you struggle with some of the aforesaid problems and keep this information in mind if you learned these facts from this video for the first time. Stay tuned. It will be a pleasure to see you soon.

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