In 1990, the Parliament of Great Britain adopted the Law on surrogacy under which the special department forin-vitro fertilization and embryology was created. This department is engaged in scientific research in the field of embryology, controls and regulates the IVF cycle, proides within all information for those couples who want to enter the surrogacy program. From the first day of its existence, this department functions under the supervision of the Department of Health and Social Care of Great Britain.
When genetic parents can petition the court to recognize their parenthood:
- the application to a court is made within 6 months after the child's birth;
- the couple is officially married;
- the places of registration of the child and the parents are identical;
- a surrogate mother gives up the child starting from the 6th week after the delivery;
- the newborn child carries the DNA code of at least one genetic parent;
- one of the Intended parents has to be a citizen of Great Britain;
- IPs are mature enough;
- duringthe process the IPs were financially supporting the surrogate mother.
But there are some problems in this field. For example, surrogacy or egg donation programs aren't described in detail.
In contrast to Ukraine, in Great Britain a contract between genetic parents and a surrogate mother isn't signed. Thus, a surrogate mother has full right to refuse to give the baby to IPs or vice versa–the parents can give up the child during the process.